NCAA NFHS Differences




Administrative Warnings

Issued for non-major infractions of coaching- box rule, disrespectfully addressing an official, attempting to influence an official’s decision,inciting undesirable crowd reactions, entering the court without permission, or standing at the team bench.

Men – Only for the head coach being outside the coaching box and certain delay-of-game situations.
Women Same as Men plus minor conduct violations of unsportsmanlike-conduct guidelines by any bench personnel.

Bonus – One-and-One

On the seventh team foul. Men – Same as NFHS
Women – No one-and-one bonus

Bonus – Double Bonus

On the tenth team foul. Men – Same as NFHS
Women – On fifth team foul

Bonus – Team Fouls Reset

End of the first half. Men – Same as NFHS
Women – End of first, second and third periods.


Player with blood directed to leave game (may remain in game with charged time-out); player with lost/irritated contacts may remain in game with reasonable time to correct.

Men – Player with blood may remain in game if remedied within 20 seconds. Lost/irritated contact within reasonable time.
Women Player with may remain in game if remedied within 20 seconds or charged timeout to correct blood or contacts.

Coaching Box – Size

State option, 28-foot box maximum.

Extends from 38-foot line to end line.

Coaching Box – Loss of Use

If head coach is charged with a direct or indirect technical foul.

No rule.

Delay of Game Warnings

One warning for any of the four delay-of-game situations; subsequent delay for any of four results in a technical foul.

Men – One warning for any of the four delay- of-game situations; a repeated warning for the same delay or after the second warning of any category, an administrative technical foul shall be assessed.

Women – One warning for each delay-of- game situation; subsequent delay for that situation results in a technical foul.

Disqualification/Ejection Players/Bench Personnel

Disqualification – Fifth foul (personal fouls and technical fouls).
Ejection – Single flagrant foul; second technical foul.

Men – Disqualification – Fifth foul (personal fouls and Class A technical fouls)
Ejection – Second Class A or third Class B technical foul or single Flagrant 2 foul. Women – Disqualification – Same as NFHS.
Ejection – Single disqualifying foul, second technical foul, or second unsportsmanlike technical foul.

Player Participates After Disqualification/Ejection

Direct technical foul charged to head coach.

Men – Noncontact Flagrant 2 technical foul charged to offender.
Women – Disqualifying foul charged to offender.

Replacement Interval


15 seconds

Both – 20 seconds

Double Foul

Point of interruption for all double fouls.

Men – If differing in severity, both penalties are assessed with most severe last.
Women – Point of interruption for double/simultaneous personal fouls and fouls of equal gravity by opponents. When penalties are unequal, most severe penalty assessed last.



The head coach may enter court to stop fight or prevent escalation.

Both – Ejection. One-game suspension followed by season suspension for second offense (team and coaches).
Men – Only the head coach may enter court.
Women – Head coach and any assistant coach may enter court.

Fouls – Types

Personal (double, false, multiple and simultaneous), Technical (double, false, multiple and simultaneous), Intentional Personal, Intentional Technical, Flagrant Personal and Flagrant Technical fouls.

Men – Personal (double, false, multiple and simultaneous), Technical (administrative, double, false, multiple and simultaneous), Flagrant 1 Personal, Contact Dead-Ball Technical, Flagrant 2 Personal and Flagrant 2 Technical fouls.
Women – Personal (double and simultaneous), Unsportsmanlike, Technical and Disqualifying fouls.

Fouls – Count Towards

Personal, technical and intentional (personal and technical) fouls count toward team-foul total, disqualification and ejection; and flagrant (personal and technical) fouls count toward team-foul total and ejection.

Men – Personal, Class A technical and contact dead-ball technical fouls count toward team- foul total, disqualification and ejection; and flagrant 2 (personal and technical) fouls count toward team-foul total and ejection.
Women – Personal, unsportsmanlike and technical fouls count toward team-foul total, disqualification and ejection; and disqualifying fouls count toward team-foul total and ejection.

Free Thrower Injured

Normal substitution permitted.

Men – Substitute shoots free throws when injured player cannot as result of a flagrant foul or blood. Otherwise opposing coach selects from four remaining players. Women – Same as NFHS.


Player touches the ball during a try/tap while it is in its downward flight entirely above thebasket-ring level and has the possibility of entering the basket in flight.

Men – Same as NFHS and includes a ball that is touched after it contacts the backboard when any part of the ball is above the basket – ring level – considered to be on its downward flight.

Women – Same as Men except ball must be entirely above the basket-ring level.

Game Clock – Length of Quarter/Period/Half

Four eight-minute quarters

Men – 20-minute halves.
Women – Four 10-minute periods.

Game Clock – Lenth of Extra Period

Four minutes. Both – Five minutes

Game Clock – Deflection Under a Minute

No rule.

Both – No less than 0.3 seconds must expire when ball is legally touched and the clock is immediately stopped by an official.

Game Clock – Stop Clock after a Successful Field Goal

No rule.

Men – After a made basket with less than one minute in second half or overtime.
Women – After a made basket with less than one minute in fourth period or overtime.

Guarding – Airborne Defender Exception

No exception.

Men – Allowed to move forward when clearly will not make contact on shooter.
Women – Same as NFHS.

Guarding – Closely Guarded

Holding or dribbling.

Both – Holding only.

Guarding – Legal Position

May be established anywhere on the court.

Men – Secondary defender may not establish initial legal-guarding position in four-foot restricted area under the basket to draw an offensive foul on ballhandler or a player who released the ball on pass or a try.
Women – Same as Men except when the play starts outside the LDB and using a four-foot restricted area.

Guarding – Maintaining Legal Position

May move laterally or obliquely to maintain position, as long as not toward opponent when contact occurs and may turn or duck to absorb imminent contact.

Men – Same as NFHS except secondary defenders cannot move sideways to maintain on an airborne shooter or passer.
Women – Same as NFHS except a defender may not reposition into the path of an airborne player.

Jump Ball

Re-jump must be by players involved before team control is established.

Both – Re-jump by any two players.

Non-Playing Personnel

Not permitted on playing area during a 30-second or less time-out. Not permitted to stand in free-throw lane area extended out of bounds.

Both – Permitted on the playing court only during full timeouts, and media timeouts.

 Officials on Court Jurisdiction Begins

15 minutes before start and remain for duration of pregame.

Men – 20 minutes before start.
Women – 
15 minutes before start.
Both – At least one official must remain on the court when team members are present.

Player Out of Bounds

Violation ruled as soon as player leaves the court for an unauthorized reason.

Both – Violation ruled when a player returns and is the first to touch the ball inboundsunless the player’s momentum carried themout of bounds.

Post Play

An extended arm bar is not allowed.

Men – Equal pressure on post player allowed with one forearm.
Women – 
A forearm or one hand is allowed on post player in control of the ball with her back to the basket.

Replaced Team Member

Next opportunity after clock has properly started following his/her replacement.

Men – Can re-enter when opponent commits a violation or foul before the clock has properly started.
Women – 
Same as NFHS.

Screener – Location

Screener must be on the playing court.

Both – Screener must be inbounds.

Screener – Width

Vertical plane with a stance approximately shoulder width apart.

Both – Inside of screener’s feet no wider thanshoulder width.

Shot Clock

No Rule.

Both – 30 seconds.

Shot Clock – Reset

No Rule.

Both – No reset on out-of-bounds violations. Full reset on change of possession, try striking the ring or flange and backcourt fouls.
Men – 20-second reset or time remaining on the shot clock, whichever is greater, on a defensive foul or violation with play to resume in the frontcourt.
Women 15-second reset on kicking/fisting violations if shot clock is under 15 seconds. Full rest on frontcourt fouls.

Team Control – Definition

Team is in control when a player is in control, when a live ball is passed among teammates, during an interrupted dribble, when the ball is at the disposal of a thrower-in.

Both – Same as NFHS.

Team Control – Loose Ball

No Rule.

Men – When a player holding/dribbling the ball fumbles, a defender bats/deflects the ball out of offensive player’s control or following atry being released.
Women – Same as NFHS.


Team Control – Free Throws Shot

Never shot on a team-control foul.

Men – Whenoffended team is in bonus following a loose ball foul.
Women – Same as NFHS.

Technical Fouls – Types

Team, Player, Substitute, Bench, Direct and Indirect technical fouls

Men Class A and Class B technical fouls.
Women – Player/ Substitute and Bench technical fouls

Technical Fouls – Head Coaches

Direct and Indirect technical fouls Direct forthe coach’s behavior. Indirect for penalty tobench personnel; includes pregame or dead-ball dunking.

Men Class A and Class B, no penalty for pregame or dead-ball dunking.
Women – Same as NFHS, except no penalty for pregame/halftime dunking.

Technical Fouls – One Shot Technical

No Rule.

Men – Administrative (except excessive timeouts and more than five players) and Class B technical fouls.
Women – Same as NFHS.

Technical Fouls – Count Toward

Team-foul total.
five personal fouls (all team members).
two technical fouls (all team personnel).

Men – Class A technical fouls count toward team-foul total, disqualification and ejection, Class B technical fouls count toward ejection; administrative technical fouls do not count toward team-foul totals.
Women – 
Same as NFHS, except administrative technical fouls do not count toward team-foul totals.

Technical Fouls – Resuming Play

Throw-in to offended team at division line opposite the scorer’s table.

Both – Point of interruption, except:
 Single flagrant 2 technical fouls and contact dead-ball technical fouls throw-in at either side of division line.
 Excessive timeout, point of interruption to offended team.

Ten-Second Rule

Must advance from backcourt. Count starts on player control.

Both – Must advance from backcourt. Count starts on legal touch of a throw-in and on control for rebounds and jump balls.

Ten-Second Rule – Reset

Reset on new throw-in.

Both No count reset when defense causes out-of-bounds violation, team in control retains possession after a held ball or a technical foul assessed to the team in control.
Men – 
Reset on timeout by team in control.
Women Also no reset when team in control is granted a timeout.

Three-Second Violation

One foot out and one in the air is considered out of the free-throw lane to avoid a three-second violation.

Men – Same as NFHS.
 Both feet must be placed on the court outside the free-throw lane to avoid a three-second violation.

Throw-In – 28-Foot Line Throw-In

No rule.

Men – Same as NFHS.
Women – 
Upon a timeout during the last 59.9 seconds in the fourth or extra period when the ball in the backcourt is out of bounds after a made basket, after securing a rebound (no dribble or pass) or after a change of possession (no dribble or pass), the offense may choose to advance the ball to the frontcourt 28-foot line opposite the table or tableside for ensuing throw-in.

Throw-In – Opponent Crosses Plain

May not cross boundary plane until ball has been released by thrower violation and team warning, followed by technical foul.

Men – May not cross boundary plane until ball has crossed boundary plane violation.
Women – 
Same as Men except team warning followed by technical foul.

Throw-In – Designated Spot

Nearest spot of foul/violation when not in the bonus (either on sideline or end line).

Men – Same as NFHS when in backcourt or any change of possession. When in frontcourt after defensive foul/violation on same side of court as foul/violation either at 28-foot line when above diagonal from corners to intersections of the free-throw line and free- throw lane line (elbows) or three feet from free-throw lane line extended along the end line.
Women – 
Same as NFHS.

Timeout(s) – Excessive

Technical foul.

Men – Two shots and point of interruption.
Women – Two shots and possession to opponents.

Timeout(s) – Number and Length

Three 60-second and two 30-second time-outs.

Men Media – Three 30-second and one 60-second team timeouts. A team granted timeout at or under 30 seconds of media mark or when it created the first stoppage at or below the media mark becomes the media timeout.
Men Non-Media – Four 75-second and two 30-second timeouts.
Women Media – Three 30-second and one 60- second. A team timeout at any time above the media mark goes to media. The first team- granted timeout of second half goes to media.
Women Non-Media – 
Three 30-second and two 60-second timeouts.

Timeout(s) – Reduction

Reduced if both teams are ready.

Both – Reduced if granted team notifies official, unless timeout becomes an electronic- media timeout.

Timeout(s) – Request

Recognized when a player is in control.

Both – Same as NFHS, except shall not berecognized when an airborne player’s momentum carries him/her out-of-bounds or into backcourt.

Player or coach can request.

Men – Coaches shall not be granted a timeout during live-ball play. Exception: The coach whose team is in control on a throw-in before the ball is released.
Women – 
Same as NFHS.

Timeout(s) – Resuming Play

Resumption-of-play procedure.

Both – Team warning, followed by resumption-of-play procedure.

Uniforms – Jersey Color

Home shall wear white and visitor a contrasting dark color.

Both – Home shall wear light and visitor a contrasting dark color, except altered by mutual consent.

Uniforms – Jersey Design

Torso defined by area from base of neckline to bottom of jersey and from side insert to side insert; no design restrictions outside torso.

Both – Neutral zone measured five inches from top of shoulder to bottom of jersey and 12 inches in width from center of neckline (front and back); only name/number and 15 percent tonal color shift permitted in neutral zone; no design restrictions outside neutral zone.

Uniforms – Worn

Jerseys designed to be worn outside the pants permitted; jerseys/pants may not be removed within visual confines of playing area.

Both – Jerseys worn outside the game pants prohibited; no rule regarding removal.

Uniforms – Penalty for Illegal Jersey/Number

Direct technical foul charged to head coach.

Both – Administrative technical foul.

Uniforms – Pants/Shorts

No Rule.

Both The perceptible majority of shorts must be the same color of the neutral zone.

Uniforms – Undergarments

Black, white, beige or the predominant color of the jersey.

Both – Black, white, beige or color of game shorts.

Uniforms – Undershirt

Individual player must have same length sleeves.

Men – Same as NFHS but sleeves not to extend below the elbow.

Women – Same as NFHS.

Uniforms – Arm Sleeves, Headbands/Wristbands, Leg/Knee Sleeves, Compression Shorts and Tights

Long sleeves permitted. One visiblemanufacturer’s logo/trademark/reference ispermitted. Same color as jersey, if visible. White, black, beige or the predominant color of the jersey.

Both – All must be a solid color and white, black, beige or any color contained in the game jersey.

Uniforms – Teammates Matching

All headbands, wristbands, sleeves and tights worn must be same color.

Both – Headband and wristbands must match. Arm sleeves do not have to match leg/knee sleeves, nor do they need to match headbands/wristbands.


Legal to use during the game or intermission for coaching bench personnel.

Both – Illegal to use at courtside.